Treatment of gastritis of the stomach and duodenum: symptoms, diet

The primary source of development of duodenal gastritis is most often gastric gastritis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis. More on its formation affects:

  • prolonged negative effects of drugs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs),
  • unhealthy food
  • food poisoning, bacterial infections.

Infection can occur from both the stomach and the small intestine.

Gastritis of the upper intestine (duodenum) is called duodenal (duodenitis).

Disease classification

There are several classifications of pathology, the manifestation of symptoms and treatment of duodenal gastritis will depend on the specified indicators of the diagnosis.

By degree of development:

  • acute, it proceeds with pronounced symptoms,
  • chronic - symptoms erased, may not disturb until periods of exacerbations. More often they occur seasonally, or after the abuse of junk food.
Experts emphasize that the intestinal mucosa with gastritis in chronic form is damaged more and deeper than in acute.

According to the depth of tissue damage:

  • superficial swollen,
  • atrophic,
  • erosive,
  • interstitial.

  • bulbar,
  • diffuse,
  • local,
  • postbulbar,
  • papillitis.

Allocate specific duodenitis, which occurs due to other diseases.

Symptomatic picture depends on the form of the disease. In acute gastritis of the duodenum the following conditions are observed:

  • nausea, vomiting,
  • pain,
  • impaired stool
  • fever.

Such symptoms of duodenitis occur as a result of poisoning with poison, chemicals, mechanical damage to the intestines with foreign objects.

But more often gastritis has a long, chronic form of development. It is not so clearly expressed, this leads to the fact that a person turns for help to doctors already at the stage of deep damage to the mucous membrane of the duodenum 12 and the symptoms worsen. Signs of chronic duodenitis that should be addressed:

  • heartburn that occurs after almost every meal,
  • discomfort in the abdomen, pain,
  • nausea, sometimes vomiting,
  • sour belching
  • weight loss,
  • loss of appetite,
  • apathy, feeling of chronic fatigue, reduced immunity.

All these signs can appear alternately, be mild, they are very similar to the symptoms of gastritis of the stomach. A person does not think that a serious disturbance occurs in the body, ignores signals.

Wrong way that many go - self-medication, the use of drugs against heartburn, pain, digestive disorders. They do, for a time, relieve the symptom, but not the cause, which provokes it. Long-term use of these drugs threatens to worsen the patient's condition. In addition, after a while, a person notices that the usual pills no longer provide the desired effect.

In the spring and autumn period, all chronic diseases tend to worsen. Duodenal gastritis is no exception. In addition to the reason for the change of seasons, exacerbations can be caused by a strong emotional shock, nervous exhaustion, unhealthy diet. During this period, the symptoms become stronger.

Vomiting is added to nausea, abdominal pain and discomfort become stronger, digestion problems become more frequent, diarrhea or constipation appears. Often, it is the increased signs of duodenitis that leads the patient to a gastroenterologist. The treatment of prolonged gastritis with a large area of ​​mucosal lesions is quite long. It is associated with a complete change in lifestyle and habits.

Diagnosis of the disease

During the reception, the specialist will collect anamnesis, prescribe the patient to undergo research to clarify the diagnosis. The most accurate is endoscopy. The patient is injected with a special tube, at the end of which is a camera that displays the image on the monitor. This examination shows the whole picture of the disease. Additionally, you will need ultrasound, x-rays, analysis for the presence of Helicobacter pylori, the study of feces, gastric juice.

It is necessary to make a detailed blood test in order to find out how much the body has weakened due to the progression of duodenal gastritis. The doctor may prescribe an antibody test if he suspects that duodenitis is caused by an autoimmune reaction.

Pathology treatment

Therapy is necessarily complex. The first thing a patient needs to do is develop a nutritional culture. The effectiveness of the entire subsequent treatment depends on this, the purpose of which is to eliminate the cause of the disease, to eliminate any (chemical and mechanical) negative effect on the mucosa, which causes its irritation.

Further, all measures are taken to restore damaged tissues and the normal functioning of the intestine.

Drug treatment

Gastritis often develops against the background of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Therefore, it will be relevant passage of antibiotic therapy. At the same time, the doctor prescribes auxiliary means protecting the intestines from the harmful effects of antibiotics, enveloping the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum (De-Nol, Vis-Nol).

Doctors are more likely to experience gastritis with increased acidity of gastric juice. Therefore, such patients are prescribed drugs that inhibit the production of hydrochloric acid by the glands, for example, Omeprazole, Almagel. In addition, gastritis is characterized by a shortage of enzymes in the gastric juice, which means that not completely etched products enter the intestine. Therefore, mandatory patients prescribed enzyme preparations, for example, Creon.

To normalize intestinal motility, drugs that stimulate its motility (Maalox, Domperidone) are prescribed, but No-silo, Papaverin, Dotaverin, to relieve painful sensations.

In chronic form of gastritis of the duodenum 12, prolonged administration of such drugs is prescribed:

  • anti-inflammatory drugs with a healing effect - Methyluracil, Duogastron, aloe extract, vitamin B,
  • anticholinergics relieving pain - Peritola, Atropine, Gastrocepin,
  • enterosorbents that reduce the harmful effects on the gastrointestinal tract - Smektu, Enterosgel,
  • dopamine blockers that suppress nausea — Raglan, Cerucala,
  • against the background of duodenitis often develop neurasthenia. To suppress their manifestations, sedatives are prescribed - motherwort infusion, valerian.

Diode Diet

Without compliance with certain dietary rules, medications will only have a temporary effect or will not help at all. The diet menu excludes:

  • alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee, strong tea,
  • roast,
  • smoked
  • fatty
  • sweets,
  • fresh pastries, baking.

All these products and dishes can cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, to return all the symptoms with a new force.

  • Eat fractional, often.
  • Eating should be done at the same time - it will help the body to create a habit, prepare and develop the right amount of gastric juice.
  • All food and drink should be above +20 and below +60 degrees. This will eliminate the possibility of thermal irritation.
  • It is unacceptable to get into the stomach of coarse food, large pieces. Food should be chewed thoroughly. The ideal option is to grind dishes with a blender, in this form you can eat soups. Kashi should have a fluid texture, it will be useful to use mashed potatoes - it envelops the walls of the mucous membrane very well.

Consequently, gastroduodenitis often occurs in a chronic form, with hidden symptoms, and only its aggravation causes a person to turn to a gastroenterologist. Symptoms of pathology significantly affect the quality of life of the patient, so it is necessary to get rid of duodenal gastritis at an early stage of its development. Otherwise, the pathology will have to be treated for a long time.

Diet for gastritis 12 duodenal ulcer

An innovative diet for gastric ulcer and gastritis is a structured system of organizing proper fortified and maximum balanced nutrition, designed to provide the person with essential trace elements and substances, but at the same time minimize the pain associated with the existing disease of the gastrointestinal tract.

Diet # 171, Table No. 1 # 187, is indicated for stomach ailments.

The basis of the dietary technique, called "Table 1", is the rational organization of the daily diet, which consists of extremely useful products.

  • In the food that makes up the daily ration, meat broths with a minimum percentage of ground must be included without fail, preferably the first broth of meat should be drained.
  • Condiments and spices of chemical origin, as well as those containing barberry and pepper are absolutely excluded (they provoke ulcerative colitis).
  • Drinks should be at room temperature with a minimum amount of sugar or fructose powder.
  • The fish is prepared exclusively on the steam plant (fried fish causes and aggravates gastritis).
  • Meals should be divided by 7 times and into small doses (portioned meals).

    This allows you to normalize the work of the stomach, and also contributes to the fact that the diet will be easy and painless for the patient, especially since almost all products are allowed if properly prepared according to dietary recipes.

    Diet for gastritis and ulcers: a valid menu

    Kashi better wipe through a sieve

    If you have been diagnosed with gastritis or inflammation of the duodenum, then, as with an ulcer, the doctor will prescribe a diet, which will include a specific list of products. As a rule, the menu of the table for patients with diseases of the acute or chronic stage is similar.

    The only difference is in the variety of foods that can and should be included in the daily diet. Below is a universal set of products that can be used with diseases in the aggressive or passive stage:

    • Boiled pasta,
    • Bakery products with a minimum percentage of sugar of the second freshness (ideally crackers),
    • Boiled eggs,
    • Meat broths,
    • Heat-treated dairy products
    • Steamed vegetables and baked fruits,
    • Porridges from cereals, which are wiped before the reception by means of a sieve,
    • Poultry and fish, but always steamed or stewed,
    • Boiled berries.

    From drinks it is recommended to drink strong teas, savory jelly, as well as dairy products with a percentage of fat from 1 to 2.1.

    Duodenal gastritis: symptoms, treatment, diet

    Do you still tolerate gastritis? It is not the effect that needs to be treated, but the cause, says Olga Kirovtseva.

    The inflammatory process can occur in any part of the intestine and if it occurs in the upper part where the duodenum is located, then it is called duodenitis gastritis.

    The location of the duodenum in the gap between the stomach and the small intestine contributes to an increased risk when infection occurs in two ways. In an ascending way, the infection enters from the intestinal regions, which are located below, and the gastric contents penetrate in a descending way.

    By itself, duodenal gastritis usually does not occur, but is diagnosed on the background of another gastrointestinal disease, such as cholecystitis, gastritis, pancreatitis, and others.

    Depending on the location of the focus of the disease, the pathogen, the nature of the treatment, gastritis of the duodenum can be divided into several classes:

    1. According to the degree of development are divided into acute duodenitis, characterized by vivid symptoms and rapid development. The form of acute gastritis of the 12 duodenal ulcer may be ulcer, catarrhal and phlegmonous.
    2. By localization is divided into diffuse. bulbar and local, papillitis and postbulbar.
    3. The depth of damage to the mucosa is divided into superficial with edema, interstitial, atrophic, and erosive.
    4. Specific duodenitis resulting from other diseases.

    Causes of duodenal gastritis:

    1. Prolonged exposure to negative factors, including unhealthy diet, nervous shocks, chronic infections of other organs, and bad habits.
    2. Food poisoning, inflammation of the gallbladder, impaired blood circulation in the intestine, pancreatic tumor.
    3. Bacterial infection. caused by helicobacter pylori.
    4. Reduced intestinal wall tone. This phenomenon occurs in the presence of adhesions, scars, slowing the passage of food in normal mode.

    Symptoms of gastritis 12 duodenal ulcer

    In the initial stage of the disease, the symptoms of duodenal gastritis may be implicit, but if there are complaints of a certain type, it is necessary to consult a doctor to clarify the diagnosis. Explicit symptoms include:

    • loss of appetite with weight loss, feeling of weakness and lethargy,
    • unpleasant painful sensations in the stomach, accompanied by nausea, sometimes vomiting,
    • frequent heartburn.

    When the first symptoms of the disease, you should immediately make an appointment with a specialist.

    Treatment of duodenal gastritis

    With a long course of the disease, there is a violation of the process of secretion of digestive enzymes, deterioration of the breakdown of food and absorption of nutrients. The development of many pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract contributes to the development of anemia, beriberi, diseases of the cardiovascular, muscular, nervous systems, deficiency of trace elements.

    To clarify the nature and prescribe the treatment of duodenal disease, the doctor may, on the basis of examination, analysis, patient complaints and objective research with endoscopy, X-ray, ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs. In addition, the analysis of gastric juice and feces, and to identify a possible pathogen is analyzed for the presence of Helicobacter pylori.

    If necessary, when there is a suspicion of an autoimmune etiology of gastric duodenal ulcer, a specific antibody test is performed.

    In the treatment process, drug, physiotherapy and diet therapy are combined.

    In acute inflammation or exacerbation of this disease, first of all, antacids are prescribed to relieve pain, reduce the high level of acidity of the gastric juice.

    To reduce the production of gastric juice take antisecretory drugs, and to improve motility and obstacles to the further destructive action of duodenal disease, prokinetics and gastroprotectors are prescribed. If it is established that the cause of this disease is Helicobacter, it is necessary to conduct a course of treatment with antibiotics.

    As excipients, physiotherapeutic procedures, such as applications, paraffin and ozokerite, heating, balneotherapy, as well as magnetic therapy, electro-electric and ultrasound, are carried out.

    The influence of physiotherapeutic factors in gastritis of the duodenum is associated with the activation of the blood supply and lymph flow, the provision of anti-inflammatory effect, the normalization of the secretory function of the digestive system.

    Used in the treatment of duodenitis and folk remedies based on the use of bee products, herbal infusions and teas, potatoes and other substances.The use of folk recipes is aimed at reducing the aggressiveness of gastric juice, protection from its corrosive effects and restoration of the mucous membrane.

    In the case of duodenal gastritis on the background of inflammation of other organs, then first get rid of the underlying disease. With a very rare form of duodenal gastritis - phlegmonous, surgery is required, followed by treatment with antibiotics.

    In complex therapy, diet is important.

    Diet for gastritis of the duodenum

    In general, nutrition during duodenitis should be balanced, taken in a gentle temperature regime and exclude fatty, spicy, spicy foods from the diet. Nutrition depends on the conditions of the disease:

    1. In acute gastritis, a diet is envisaged, in which it is necessary to completely give up alcohol, tobacco, any preservation, freshly prepared and sour juices, and flour products on a yeast basis.
    2. When erosive gastritis of the duodenum, nutrition with the content in the diet of mucous soups and porridges cooked in skimmed milk is welcomed. You can also enter into the menu boiled lean meat, lean fish, steamed or boiled. Vitamin-rich sweet peaches, pears, bananas, apples from which you can make jelly, jelly or compote are useful.

    Diet with ulcer

    The duodenal ulcer mainly occurs “due to” constant nervous stress, overstrain, strong emotional turmoil, and also due to improper diet.

    The characteristic symptoms of this disease are vomiting, acute abdominal pain, belching and heartburn.

    Nutritionists have long developed a special diet, with which you can significantly reduce the severity of all these symptoms, but the main goal of a diet with an ulcer is to satiate the body with all the necessary substances and trace elements, keeping their balance.

    Scientists have proven that the disease is directly related to the bacterium Helicobacter pylory, the fault of which is eaten away by the intestinal wall, which subsequently leads to an ulcer. Of course, various medications are used for the treatment, but in any case it is necessary to adhere to the proper diet. What are the basic principles of nutrition, consider right now.

    How is a stomach ulcer formed?

    The human digestive system contains 2 important components - hydrochloric acid and pepsin. These substances contribute to the digestion of food, in particular, starches, proteins and fats contained in foods. With the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract no problems arise. Some people mistakenly think that when an excess of hydrochloric acid is released in the stomach, the disease is triggered.

    In case of a duodenal ulcer, an elevated content of hydrochloric acid is indeed observed. But with gastric ulcer in most patients, the level of this substance does not exceed the norm, and sometimes less than the required amount. Hydrochloric acid is very important for the body. It protects the stomach from pathogenic bacteria that can cause various ailments of the gastrointestinal tract. For example, the helical microorganism Helicobacter pylori affects the gastric mucosa and can cause gastritis, ulcers and cancer.

    But when an imbalance of hydrochloric acid and other substances occurs, the protective layer of the stomach, consisting of special mucus, cannot withstand the provoking factors causing peptic ulcer.

    The second component - pepsin - is involved in the breakdown of proteins. But the substance is activated with a sufficient release of hydrochloric acid. If there is a decrease in the production of hydrochloric acid, then pepsin can not perform its function, which leads to impaired digestion. Over time, the composition of the gastric juice is disturbed, the food is not digested properly, causing rot and inflammation. This is how gastritis and erosion are formed with the transition to peptic ulcer.

    How does a stomach ulcer manifest itself?

    The disease is recurrent in nature. This means that the ulcer can worsen, like most diseases, in spring or autumn. Symptoms of ulcers are as follows:

    • stomach pain,
    • nausea,
    • vomiting
    • bloating
    • unpleasant belching sour,
    • weakness,
    • fast fatiguability,
    • the appearance of pain in the heart,
    • weight loss
    • constant heartburn
    • heaviness after eating,
    • pallor of the skin,
    • disturbed stool.

    The pains in stomach ulcers mostly prevail in the upper part of the organ, they subside noticeably after eating for an hour. Heart pains are sometimes observed. A person suspects heart problems, not realizing that an ulcer can manifest itself in this way. Acceptance of heart drugs does not eliminate this symptom; special attention must be paid to this.

    Sometimes painful sensations radiating to the back. Heartburn after eating can cause vomiting with a sour taste in the mouth. Ulcers also have night pains. The degree of pain depends on the size of the ulcer and its location.

    There may be a nagging pain, and sometimes a dagger, penetrating, which cannot be tolerated.

    Another negative manifestation of the disease may be latent bleeding. At the same time, patients are unaware of this condition, but experience symptoms of anemia - fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

    Dangerous signs include black stools with blood, vomiting of blood, severe abdominal pain. This indicates gastric bleeding that must be stopped immediately. Therefore, a patient with such symptoms should be taken to a hospital as soon as possible.

    Causes of stomach ulcers

    As mentioned above, the provoking factor of peptic ulcer is an imbalance in the composition of the gastric juice. But besides him there are other reasons that contribute to the formation of this disease. These include:

    • uncontrolled medication,
    • infection with the microorganism Helicobacter pylori,
    • viral and bacterial diseases,
    • stresses
    • neurosis
    • injuries
    • alcohol abuse
    • poor nutrition,
    • smoking,
    • hormonal imbalance
    • genetic predisposition
    • prolonged depression
    • drinking large quantities of carbonated drinks, coffee,
    • presence of concomitant diseases (pancreatitis),
    • eating cold or hot dishes.

    Disruption of the gastrointestinal tract is most often caused by poor diet and meal schedule. The abuse of smoked meats, canned foods with the addition of vinegar, spicy dishes containing spices and seasonings can cause irritation of the gastric mucosa. The situation worsens if a person breaks the usual food intake. For example, breakfast and a hearty dinner, skipping lunch. A long break between meals affects the production of gastric enzymes and hydrochloric acid.

    It is noticed that people suffering from psycho-emotional diseases, such as neurosis, depression, may also have an ulcer. At the time of adrenaline rush, which often occurs with neurosis, the production of gastric juice increases. This uncontrolled internal process has a negative effect on the state of the gastric mucosa.

    Duodenal Ulcer (YDK)

    Wound formation in the duodenum occurs for the same reasons as in the stomach. Sometimes there may be a combination of diseases. For example, ulcers can be simultaneously formed in the stomach and in the duodenum. This phenomenon is called combined.

    The walls of the duodenum consist of the mucous layer, submucosal and muscular. Under the ulcer imply the formation of a defect of the mucous and submucosal layer, which is formed in the bulb or bulb (upper intestine). Sometimes several ulcers or wounds can form at once, which are located opposite each other.

    Like a stomach ulcer, a duodenal ulcer can manifest itself in stages of exacerbation and remission. When the wound heals, a scar is formed.If there have been frequent exacerbations throughout life, there will be many scars. Over time, they tend to deform, which can provoke a narrowing of the intestinal lumen.

    Signs of duodenal ulcer:

    • nausea,
    • heaviness in the stomach,
    • stomach ache,
    • heartburn,
    • loss of appetite
    • prostration.

    To diagnose the disease, gastroscopy, biopsy and analysis for the presence of the microorganism Helicobacter pylori are required. An X-ray examination method may be used. A blood test is done to determine anemia, which is characteristic of internal bleeding. Stool analysis is shown in individual cases to detect latent bleeding, if it was not possible to do this with a blood test.

    Symptomatic gastric and duodenal ulcers are a group of characteristic diseases affecting the gastrointestinal mucosa. These include psycho-emotional ulcers, medicinal, endocrine. Sometimes symptomatic ulcers occur on the background of cardiovascular diseases.

    How is peptic ulcer treated?

    The treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers is almost the same, depending on the cause of the disease and the extent, the size of the wound, the age of the patient and other individual characteristics. The standard treatment procedure is:

    • eliminating the causes of the disease,
    • drug therapy,
    • compliance with the diet,
    • physiotherapy
    • surgical intervention.

    Medical drugs are selected in order to suppress the excess production of hydrochloric acid. Another group of agents is prescribed to provide a protective film of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum.

    In the presence of a pathogenic microbe, antibiotics and antacids are prescribed that can destroy it. Surgical treatment is rarely used in difficult cases when it is not possible to help the patient with traditional therapy. But no treatment will be effective if the patient continues to feed in the wrong way.

    Therefore, the diet for this disease - the most important part of therapy.

    It is necessary to exclude spicy, sour, salty, fried foods. It is forbidden to consume alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee, flour dishes, smoked meat products. It is allowed to eat cereals, mashed soups, vegetables rich in fiber, low-fat dairy products in small quantities. You can not eat hot. Meals should be 5-6 times a day in small portions.

    Patients need to include gymnastics, exercise, or just walk in the fresh air. If you hesitate to go to the hospital, diseases of this kind can cause serious complications. Dangerous effects include stomach cancer, fatal ulcer perforation.

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    Pathology treatment regimen

    Depending on what symptoms of gastritis and gastric ulcer manifest, the doctor prescribes a treatment aimed at the following:

    • relief of pain,
    • normalization of the release of hydrochloric acid and pepsin,
    • the destruction of pathogens,
    • stimulation of the motor function of the stomach,
    • eliminating nausea and vomiting.

    In each individual case, its own treatment scheme is selected, taking into account the general condition of the patient, age, location and type of damage to the stomach walls, degree of damage and type of the disease. Comprehensive treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcers involves the use of various methods.

    Disease treatment methods

    A variety of methods of exposure helps to apply the most appropriate and effective treatment of gastric ulcers and gastritis. The following methods are used:

    • drug therapy,
    • non-drug treatment (diet),
    • folk treatment methods.

    Each of the methods is used as an independent at a certain stage of the disease, and in combination with others.

    Non-drug therapies

    In the complex treatment is very important diet for gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. This is not just a diet, but a necessary condition for the effective action of drugs and the normalization of gastrointestinal functions.

    Dietary nutrition has the following positive properties:

    • normalizes weight
    • prevents the occurrence of allergies,
    • minimizes the symptoms of gastritis and stomach ulcers,
    • stimulates the function of the gastrointestinal tract,
    • strengthens the immune system
    • provides tissue nutrition.

    Asking what can be eaten with gastritis and gastric ulcer, it is necessary to take into account the pathology and properties of products. In case of a gastrointestinal tract disease the following products should not be consumed:

    • spicy, salty and fatty foods
    • fried and smoked products,
    • pickles, canned food and pickles,
    • fatty meats and fish
    • high fiber foods
    • strong meat and mushroom broths,
    • baking and pastry,
    • foods with a high glycemic index,
    • carbonated and sweet drinks
    • concentrated juices, sour fruit drinks,
    • hard cheeses,
    • whole milk, fat cottage cheese, ryazhenka, etc.

    In the diagnosis of gastric ulcer and gastritis should be excluded strong drinks, coffee, strong black tea. Also, stop smoking.

    The diet menu should include the following easily digestible foods:

    • mucous porridge on the water,
    • baked apples,
    • low fat yogurts,
    • minced meat dishes,
    • vegetable soups,
    • jelly, marmalade, marshmallow.

    In the presence of gastritis, the intake of fermented milk products and butter is prohibited. And if there is a duodenal ulcer or stomach ulcer, milk and dairy products stimulate mucosal regeneration.

    Properly chosen and balanced diet - a cure for ulcers and gastritis. Great attention should be paid to the frequency of food intake, the volume of servings, the temperature of dishes and their heat treatment.

    Traditional medicine

    Treatment of gastric ulcers and gastritis with the help of herbal remedies and bee products is very effective in the initial stages of the disease and as part of a comprehensive treatment.

    Traditional medicine uses the following herbs for gastritis and ulcerative pathology:

    • for anesthesia - marsh mallow, arnica, autumn crocus autumn, common bodywort, Siberian hogweed, initial letter, cornflower, harmala,
    • Improving digestion - budra, initial letter, yellow gentian, Hzubirovka fragrant, Norway cassia, nettle, lovage, parsley, rue fragrant,
    • antiemetic - fragrant spikelet, oregano, city gruvilat, melissa, wild sage,
    • enveloping - gorchak hawk, zizifus, source. Blue-spotted cypotum, red clover, common groundflower, flax. Paznik, marshmallow, creeping wheatgrass, etc.,
    • for ulcer healing - birch, veronica, grapes, field bindweed, medicinal goat, oregano, zhivuchka, golden rod, creeping clover,
    • to stop the bleeding from the ulcer - arnica, periwinkle, basil, water collector, carnation, geranium, elecampane, zvezchatka average, medunits,
    • anti-inflammatory - Badan, balsam, butterbur, vyazhechka, St. John's wort, zopnik tuberiferous.

    In the recipes of healers, beekeeping products are often used: honey, propolis, perga, zabrus, pollen, etc. The medicine may contain a decoction of medicinal herbs and honey.

    In addition, there are often recipes where honey for gastritis and ulcerative pathology is used to normalize acidity. To stimulate the reparative processes of the mucous membrane with a stomach ulcer, propolis and zabrus are used. A very effective remedy for treating the pathologies of the stomach and intestines is a medicine made from honey in May, aloe juice and butter.

    For relief of gastritis attacks, bowel cleansing with mineral water is used, a laxative or an enema from medicinal herbs is used and a warm object is placed on the epigastric region.

    With careful adherence to the recommendations of the gastroenterologist, nutritionist, and taking herbal remedies as maintenance and rehabilitation therapy, the prognosis for the treatment of peptic ulcer and gastritis is positive.

    Do not self-medicate or use only alternative medicine, only in combination with medications they will be effective.

    The diet should become not just a temporary measure in the period of exacerbation, but an important component of a healthy lifestyle, otherwise diseases can recur.

    Diet and nutrition for stomach ulcers

    An innovative diet for gastric ulcer and gastritis is a structured system of organizing proper fortified and maximum balanced nutrition, designed to provide the person with essential trace elements and substances, but at the same time minimize the pain associated with the existing disease of the gastrointestinal tract.

    Diet # 171, Table No. 1 # 187, is indicated for stomach ailments.

    The basis of the dietary technique, called "Table 1", is the rational organization of the daily diet, which consists of extremely useful products.

  • In the food that makes up the daily ration, meat broths with a minimum percentage of ground must be included without fail, preferably the first broth of meat should be drained.
  • Condiments and spices of chemical origin, as well as those containing barberry and pepper are absolutely excluded (they provoke ulcerative colitis).
  • Drinks should be at room temperature with a minimum amount of sugar or fructose powder.
  • The fish is prepared exclusively on the steam plant (fried fish causes and aggravates gastritis).
  • Meals should be divided by 7 times and into small doses (portioned meals).

    This allows you to normalize the work of the stomach, and also contributes to the fact that the diet will be easy and painless for the patient, especially since almost all products are allowed if properly prepared according to dietary recipes.

    Symptoms of the disease

    At the initial stages, the symptoms of gastritis of the stomach and duodenum can be barely noticeable, so a visit to the doctor is sometimes involuntarily postponed. The obvious signs of illness include:

    • loss of appetite and weight loss,
    • weakness and lethargy
    • regular appearance of heartburn,
    • stomach discomfort, nausea and vomiting.

    Upon detection of these symptoms, gastritis and duodenal gastritis treatment is required. The sooner you start, the sooner you can expel the signs of the disease that has appeared.

    Diet from ulcers - the main principles of nutrition

    • In case of gastric and duodenal ulcers, do not overeat, and always eat food in small portions every three to four hours. Thus, the digestive system will work stably.
    • Salt. Even if you are a big fan of it, in this case you should limit its quantity. Use at most 10 grams per day.
    • Exclude any products with sokogonny effect (for example, cabbage broth) from your diet.
    • Also exclude large chunks of hot or cold food, so as not to irritate the mucous membrane

    Forms of the disease

    There are two forms of the development of the disease - acute and chronic. Acute can develop in a few hours or days due to infection with Helicobacter or other bacteria. Sometimes ailments provoke chemicals entering the body that damage the mucous membrane. Among them are alkalis, acids and alcohols.

    For a long time, the disease in a chronic form proceeds without obvious symptoms.The mucous membrane in chronic gastritis of the duodenum or stomach is affected deeper and stronger than in acute forms. The disease proceeds with periods of remission and exacerbations, which immediately indicate the signs of the disease.

    The inflammatory process that occurs in the area of ​​the bulb, the ascending or descending part of the duodenum is called duodenitis.

    This disease affects the tissues of the organ, causing their dystrophic regression.

    Treatment of duodenitis is directed, first of all, at blocking the course of inflammatory processes, and only after that - at restoring damaged mucous membranes.

    This disease should be treated not only because it produces unpleasant signs and symptoms that reduce the patient's quality of life, but also because it greatly complicates the normal functioning of the human digestive system.

    There are many reasons that can provoke duodenitis. Before you form a treatment for this disease, you should identify what caused it.

    The inflammatory process occurring in the area of ​​the bulb, the ascending or descending part of the duodenum 12, should be treated in a complex way, affecting both the problem itself and the factors activating it.

    The most common causes of duodenitis in men and women are:

    • various infectious diseases affecting the human digestive system,
    • constant stress, heavy loads, lack of normal sleep and rest,
    • unbalanced diet and eating habits,
    • prolonged and uncontrolled use of drugs or traditional medicine (especially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotic drugs),
    • alcohol abuse
    • smoking, etc.

    The erosive disease of the duodenal bulb is manifested in the destruction of the surface epithelial layer of the organ without damaging the deep tissues. Unlike duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcer, erosion treatment has a favorable prognosis, and the surface defects heal quickly, without scarring.

    The destruction of the epithelium is becoming more common, and most of the duodenal pathologies associated with the formation of defects and the appearance of erosive and focal changes. In most cases, the pathology is characterized by a pronounced picture due to the presence of hemorrhagic syndrome.

    Thus, duodenal disease can be diagnosed on time and adequate treatment can begin.

    Often there are erosion in the gastroduodenal region, that is, along with the duodenum, the mucous layer of the stomach occurs.

    What provokes?

    The causes of erosion are well studied today, and the main risk factor is the lesion of the stomach and duodenum by the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori, which colonizes these organs.

    Other causes of erosion:

    • Acute infectious gastroenteritis, with symptoms of intoxication, a violation of the digestive system. Such a patient needs timely medical treatment, replenishment of fluid deficiency, diet.
    • Improper nutrition, addiction to spicy dishes, hot, spices, alcoholic beverages. Abuse of these products leads to a violation of the acidity of the stomach, dyspepsia, general weakness, the treatment is sufficiently simple, includes: modification of the diet, drug therapy and the use of regenerative drugs.
    • Chronic inflammatory damage to the wall of the stomach and duodenum 12, not associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. A prolonged inflammatory process leads to the appearance of shallow defects in the mucous membrane - erosions.
    • Long-term treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs, including reserpine, antibiotics, NSAIDs, steroid hormones.

    Signs of erosion

    An ulcer is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract that occurs in people quite often. Diet for gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer plays a significant role in the recovery of the patient. When treating the stomach is exposed to the negative effects of drugs, any food - it is stressful for him. Therefore, the neglect of the principles of nutrition will have serious health consequences.

    How to eat?

    There are such basic recommendations that regulate nutrition in case of gastric ulcer and speed up treatment:

    • meals should contain enough protein, carbohydrates, minerals, fats and vitamins,
    • food should not contribute to the development of high acidity,
    • fray all cooked food in a kind of mush,
    • eat a little and many times during the day (4−5 times a day),
    • dishes should be non-hot and not cold - room temperature,
    • exclude from the diet table salt (a maximum of 10−12 g),
    • do not eat spicy, sour or smoked dishes,
    • do not forget to drink enough water - not less than 2 liters per day,
    • The main emphasis in the diet should be done on fermented milk and dairy products.

    General diet rules for acute gastroduodenitis

    Inflammation of the duodenum is a disease that, depending on its cause, can be cured with the help of the correct diet and antibiotics. Often, however, this disease leads to consequences that are classified as peptic ulcer.

    Inflammation or duodenitis of duodenum develops as a result of improper diet, smoking, alcohol intake, spicy, fried, salty, smoked dishes. The disease is more common in adults and must be treated.

    The disease is diagnosed in 15% of adults after 35 years. It occurs more often in men, women become ill with this disease much less often.

    Treatments for stomach ulcers may differ depending on the cause that provoked it:

    1. If you suspect the presence of the Helicobacter pylori bacterium, treatment should begin with taking antibiotics to prevent the appearance of new foci. With the slightest improvement, medication should not be stopped, the course of treatment must be completed.
    2. Often the cause of the disease is taking anti-nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In this case, they must be canceled.
    3. Increased production of gastric juice can provoke the development of ulcers, therefore, with the help of drugs it is necessary to reduce its secretion.
    4. If the cause could not be established, then we must take acid-lowering medications. The duration of treatment depends on the course of the disease, the presence of complications, the size of the ulcer.

    It is possible to determine the effectiveness of therapy by analysis and repeated endoscopy.

    Inflammatory disease of the duodenum or duodenitis is a frequent pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, which requires complex treatment and maintenance of proper nutrition for full restoration of the mucous membrane.

    The defeat of the intestine often occurs together with diseases of the stomach, separately emit inflammation of the duodenum and stomach, as a single disease. First of all, an unhealthy diet, and then a weakened defense mechanism, bad habits and physiological changes in the body during the aging process, can provoke the pathological process.

    Duodenitis is more common among the male population, meat lovers and suffering from frequent inflammatory, infectious diseases of the stomach. Completely cope with this disease is possible only with a gastroenterologist, a nutritionist and his own willpower for long-term treatment.

    Description, pathogenesis

    Symptoms of pain in the right hypochondrium are the first signal of a possible inflammation of the stomach and duodenum. This disease is a chronic course, formed on the background of irregular, irregular nutrition, alcohol and other harmful substances, drugs.

    The duct of the pancreas and the gallbladder empties into the duodenum. Therefore, the secretory function is also disturbed, and enzymes are not able to completely break down food. In this organ, the process of digestion begins, it is located behind the stomach, but the stomach will not function when duodenitis appears.

    Pathology often proceeds in parallel with liver inflammation, cholecystitis and pancreatitis; therefore, duodenitis is considered a threat to the whole organism. Another danger of this pathology is the risk of inflammation passing into the ulcer, and then into the malignant process.

    Cancer of the duodenum is a frequent occurrence resulting from neglected inflammation.

    Among women, duodenitis is a less common disease, but can occur due to hormonal changes and during pregnancy. In order to prevent this, gastroenterologists constantly observe women while carrying a fetus, prescribing vitamin complexes and special dietary foods.

    Similar documents

    Acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. Violations of the secretory, motor, partially endocrine functions. Non-specific clinical manifestations. Chronic gastritis, its manifestation, symptoms, types, diagnosis and treatment.

    When erosive bulby the digestive tract affects the duodenum - duodenum. Inflammation of the mucous membranes of this organ is widespread, is becoming more common and is a type of duodenitis. However, the erosive bulbit in ICD-10 is highlighted as a separate pathology, it has its own code K26.9.

    In the people this ailment is called "onion". For years, this unpleasant duodenal disease, which is seasonal, can develop.

    ⁌ Strongly brewed tea and natural coffee.

    - sand and biscuit cakes,

    ⁌ Pickles, pickles, canned products, any smoked meats.

    ⁌ White cabbage, onions, fresh cucumbers and black radish.

    Along with numerous restrictions, there is a wide range of products that can be used without fear for their health.

    What products are allowed?

    • Wheat and rye crackers, yesterday's bread.
    • Low-fat meat (veal, beef, chicken, turkey), sausage "Doctor" and "Dairy", not containing fat.
    • Pasta, whole and crushed cereals.
    • Sunflower, rapeseed, olive and corn oils.

    Peptic ulcer - what is it?

    Duodenal ulcer is a condition characterized by the formation of defects in the duodenum, is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system.

    3. Nausea and vomiting. Observed in 10-15% of patients.

    It should be noted that dyspeptic symptoms are a symptom of many diseases of the digestive system and can not be a clear sign in the diagnosis of duodenal ulcer.

    The period of the acute course of peptic ulcer does not exceed two months. During remission, the patient feels completely normal, not even following special diets.

    An ulcer is a lesion of the mucous membranes of the internal organs. If we are talking about the stomach or duodenum 12, then pathological changes can be observed in them. In the widest part of the digestive system contains a strong acid - hydrochloric, which helps to neutralize the bacteria ingested with food. It also activates the enzymes of the gastric juice.

    The mucous membrane on the inner walls of the stomach protects it from the corrosive action of acid.If for some reason this layer is broken, the acid begins to contact with the tissues, irritate them and gradually leads to the appearance of ulcers. This is how a stomach ulcer is formed. Symptoms, treatment will try to make out in our article.

    Any disease is easier to prevent than to spend time, effort and money on its treatment. Of course, in our time it is quite difficult to constantly eat right, to follow all the recommendations for the daily routine. Sometimes we, adults, teach our children to malnutrition when we buy them chips, crackers, instead of being pampered with natural juices or fruits.

    In order to prevent disease, you must:

    1. Follow the diet.
    2. Trying to eat less smoked and fatty foods.
    3. Do not abuse fastfood.
    4. Minimize carbonated drinks.
    5. Get rid of bad habits (smoking and alcohol).
    6. Try to avoid stress, if this does not work, then do not take everything to heart.

    Only in this case, the peptic ulcer will not disturb you. Take care and be healthy.

    It is recommended to eat the following:

    • meat (chicken or turkey fillet, fresh beef, rabbit meat),
    • fish (non-fat),
    • milk products,
    • pasta,
    • eggs,
    • unleavened biscuits and dried white bread,
    • honey.

    Prohibited products for stomach ulcers:

    • fatty meat and fish (pork, lamb, sole),
    • buns,
    • sour cream with a high percentage of fat,
    • canned food and smoked products
    • spicy and fried dishes, pickles,
    • sweets and cakes,
    • alcohol, coffee and carbonated sweet or mineral water.

    These lists should be taken into account in order not to worsen the state of the stomach and duodenum and not to provoke the appearance of new problems.

    Diet for 7 days

    Usually, a strict diet is prescribed during an exacerbation of a stomach disease or in a severe condition of a patient. In other situations, the doctor recommends that you simply give up prohibited foods and try to adhere to a balanced diet. If the ulcer is in remission, then you can follow the usual diet from this article.

    Menu for duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcer (for a week):

    • Day 1. For breakfast: scrambled eggs from eggs and green tea. For lunch: fruit puree (apple) and oatmeal. At lunch, you can eat meatballs from chicken or turkey meat and pasta, drink compote. For dinner: fish baked without oil and a glass of milk.
    • Day 2. For breakfast: boiled buckwheat with milk and weak tea. For lunch: bananas and apple-carrot juice. At lunch: rice porridge with boiled fish, vegetable salad and green tea. For dinner: squash puree, stewed beef with potatoes and tea.
    • Day 3. For breakfast: low-fat cottage cheese, you can add berries and tea to it. For lunch: boiled fish with peas and corn, kefir. At lunch: stewed cabbage with potatoes, boiled beef and juice. For dinner: pumpkin porridge and tea.
    • Day 4. For breakfast: salad from pears and apples, tea. For lunch: curd mass and apple juice. For lunch: chicken or turkey cutlets, steamed, pasta, vegetable salad and tea. For dinner: baked apples and jelly.
    • Day 5. For breakfast: banana fritters and juice. For lunch: vegetable salad and compote. At lunch, soup with celery, pumpkin puree and boiled chicken, black tea. For dinner: scrambled eggs, cottage cheese and tea.
    • Day 6. For breakfast: homemade sponge cake, fruit and a glass of milk. For lunch: cornflakes or oatmeal, juice. For lunch: buckwheat with baked or stewed fish, vegetable salad and tea. For dinner: diet vegetable soup with noodles, tea.
    • Day 7. For breakfast: scrambled eggs, vegetables and juice. For lunch: boiled chicken meat and tea. For lunch: boiled fish, mashed potatoes without butter, vegetables and green tea. For dinner: fruit salad and compote.

    General nutrition tips

    One of the most common chronic pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract system - peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer - is the formation of various depths in the form of ulcers on the mucous membrane, which form scars during healing. According to statistics, ulcers in the duodenum in men are formed much more often than in women.

    Causes of disease

    In most cases, duodenal gastritis is formed against the background of another disease of the gastrointestinal tract - gastritis gastritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis.

    The development of inflammation is influenced by other factors:

    • Various pathologies of the gallbladder.
    • Neoplasms in the pancreas cavity.
    • Circulatory failure in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
    • Infection caused by the Helicobacter pylori bacterium.
    • Decreased intestinal wall muscle activity.
    • Food poisoning.
    • Long-term use of certain drugs - for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

    An important role in the development of gastritis of the duodenum is assigned to malnutrition. Frequent consumption of fried, fatty, smoked, pickled dishes, strong black coffee, alcoholic beverages, as well as the love of smoking can trigger the development of the inflammatory process in the duodenal cavity.

    Stage of the disease

    Duodenal gastritis may occur in the acute or chronic stages. The acute form of the disease is developing rapidly - food poisoning, eating spicy or low-quality food can be its main causes.

    Chronic gastritis in most cases develops against the background of other pathologies of the digestive system, characterized by the occurrence of bleeding erosion on the mucous membrane of the duodenum, which may ultimately lead to complete atrophy of the tissues.

    What products can not be used for stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcer:

    1. Fat (beef, pork), meat and fish fried
    2. Baking (muffins), rye bread
    3. Alcoholic drinks
    4. Smoked and marinated products
    5. Spicy food
    6. Strong coffee and tea

    What is recommended then?

    1. Boiled eggs
    2. Stale white bread
    3. Low-fat meat (only boiled!) And low-fat fish
    4. Still mineral water
    5. Porridge with milk and water.

    Diet number 1 for ulcers

    In the first two weeks after the exacerbation of the disease, nutritionists strongly recommend Diet number 1a. Its main essence is that the daily weight of all products allowed for eating should not exceed 2-2.5 kg.

    Moreover, there is a need, as already mentioned above, in small portions and strictly at certain times of the day.

    During such a period it is useful to eat soft-boiled eggs, oatmeal, rice soups, fruit and berry jelly, steamed omelette, as well as milk and butter.

    The daily diet menu for gastric and duodenal ulcers is approximately as follows:

    • Breakfast # 8211, a glass of milk and a soft-boiled egg. After a couple of hours - again a glass of milk and fruit jelly.
    • Snack - scrambled eggs with broth hips. Lunch - milk soup, fish or meat soufflé, steamed, lemon jelly.
    • Dinner - rice, semolina or oatmeal, cottage cheese souffle and broth hips again.

    Important: the proposed menu is the diet in the first 10-14 days with an ulcer or gastritis.

    Features of effective treatment of duodenal gastritis

    In humans, inflammation can develop in any part of the intestine. Often, doctors diagnose inflammation in the upper part, namely in the duodenum.

    This disease is called duodenitis gastritis. Due to the location of this organ, there are two reasons for the infection. So, the infection can get from intestinal department or through the gastric contents.

    Usually, the disease manifests itself in the background of gastrointestinal diseases.

    Conditionally duodenal gastritis is divided:

    1. By the degree of development - on acute and rapid duodenitis. During the first, the symptoms are characterized by bright severity. Also, the acute form can be phlegmonous, ulcerative, catarrhal.
    2. Based on the location, gastritis is divided into local, bulbar, diffuse, post-bulbar, papillitis.
    3. The depth of the damage may have superficial edema, be erosive, atrophic, interstitial.
    • 1 Reasons
    • 2 Symptomatology
    • 3 treatment
    • 4 Diet

    Experts identify the main reasons for which there is gastritis of the duodenum 12:

    • prolonged use of unhealthy food, stress, chronic diseases, abuse of bad habits,
    • food poisoning, circulatory disorders in the intestinal area, inflammation of the gallbladder and pancreatic tumor,
    • Helicobacter pylori,
    • if the intestine has a reduced tone of its walls, this is due to the presence of adhesions, scarring, which provokes a slow passage of food,
    • long-term use of certain drugs.


    In the initial stage, the symptoms of the disease may be implicit, but at the slightest suspicion it is worthwhile not to delay the visit to the doctor, who will help to establish the diagnosis accurately. Among the obvious symptoms should be noted:

    • lack of appetite, with the patient losing weight, weakness and fatigue,
    • the chair is broken,
    • body temperature rises
    • torment the pain in the stomach, which are accompanied by nausea, turning into vomiting,
    • frequent heartburn.

    It is necessary to recognize the symptoms in time, and treatment should then follow in a timely manner.

    Important! You do not need to self-medicate because, by eliminating the symptoms, you will not get rid of the disease, and the patient’s condition will worsen every day.

    Pain symptom in gastritis of the 12-type intestine

    If the disease is not treated for a long time, the patient has a violation of the secretion of enzymes necessary for the function of digestion, as well as deterioration of the breakdown of food, absorption of nutrients from it. In addition, the development of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. So, the patient may experience anemia, micronutrient deficiencies, muscular, nervous, cardiovascular diseases, and beriberi.

    Prescribe therapy can only specialist after a detailed study of symptoms, a special diagnosis.

    Usually, doctors send a sufferer for endoscopy, x-rays, abdominal ultrasound, analysis of gastric juice, and check for Helicobacter pylori.

    If a specialist suspects that the disease has arisen due to autoimmune etiology, the patient is tested for antibodies.

    Under the complex treatment refers to drug and physiotherapy, as well as adherence to a special diet. The treatment with drugs includes:

    1. If the illness occurs in acute or acute form, first of all, the doctor prescribes antacids to relieve pain.
    2. To reduce the increased acidic release, you can use antisecretory drugs (Omeprazole, Almagel).
    3. To improve motor skills and prevent further development of the disease, the patient should use prokinetics, gastroprotectors (Maalox, Domperidone).
    4. In identifying the bacteria that caused the development of the disease, they resort to a course of antibiotics.
    5. Enzyme preparations prevent ingestion of uncooked food (Creon).
    6. To relieve pain, use antispasmodics (papaverine, no-spa).
    7. Enteroosnye allow you to reduce the negative effects on the digestive tract (Smekta, Enterosgel).
    8. Dopamine blockers (Zeercal, Raglan) will help relieve nausea.
    9. Apply anti-inflammatory drugs with a healing effect (vitamin B, Methyluracil).
    10. Often against the background of the disease appears neurasthenia, to suppress it, take sedatives (valerian, motherwort tincture).

    Compliance with the rules of medication and diet, will help to cope with the disease.

    Among physiotherapeutic procedures, heating, ultrasound, paraffin, balneotherapy, ozokerite, appliqués, electrics, magnetic therapy are most popular. When using these methods, the patient activates the blood supply, lymph flow, digestion is normalized and the anti-inflammatory effect is guaranteed.


    In the treatment of duodenitis, you can use the people's advice, due to which the aggressiveness of gastric acid decreases, the protection of the inflamed mucosa occurs. Often for this purpose use aloe, propolis, sea buckthorn oil, potatoes, medicinal herbs, honey. Useful recipes:

    1. Squeeze out 0.5 kg. Aloe leaf juice, add to it 0.5 liters. red wine and 0.5 kg. honey, give the "potion" to brew for 10 days, and then filter and bottle. Keep the drink in the refrigerator. During the first week, the drug is used for 1 tsp. three times a day before meals. The next two weeks, the volume increases to 1 tbsp. l., and on the fourth week it is again necessary to return to the initial dosage. The course of treatment is three months, with superficial duodenitis 1.5 months.
    2. 50 gr. Propolis should be poured 500 ml. alcohol, put in a dark place for 20 days. Every day you need to shake the contents of the bottle. The course of treatment is three weeks, 15 drops in the previously steamed flax seeds, on an empty stomach.
    3. Juice from potatoes should be fresh, they drink 0.5 cups after a meal.
    4. Sea buckthorn oil consumed by 1 tsp. once a day during the meal. The course lasts until complete recovery.
    5. Every day, the patient should eat 100-200 grams. honey, sharing this dosage for the whole day in small portions.

    It should be noted, if the illness arose against the background of other diseases, the main disease is treated first.

    Traditional recipes for the treatment of gastritis relieve the tension of the disease

    In the complex therapy, proper nutrition is of great importance, which should be characterized by balance and be fortified. The patient should eat all the dishes only in a sparing temperature regime, refuse fatty, fried, salted and seasoned food. The daily diet of the patient depends on the characteristics of the course of the disease:

    • The acute form compels one to refuse alcoholic drinks, cigarettes, canned foods, sour and fresh juices, pastries prepared with the use of yeast,
    • When erosive form in the menu should include mucous soups, mashed potatoes, cereals, cooked in milk. Allowed to use lean meat, lean fish, which should be boiled or steam. Peaches, apples, pears, bananas will feed the body. Of these fruits, you can make jelly, jelly, fruit juice.

    Symptomatology of the disease affects the quality of life of the patient, so you need to get rid of the disease at an early stage so as not to delay the pathology, which then will have to suffer a lot. Take care of health, for good reason it is the most valuable in our life!

    Duodenal gastritis: how to determine and how to treat it

    Duodenal gastritis (another name - duodenitis) is one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In this case, there are disorders in the process of digesting food, which enters the intestine from the stomach.

    It is in the duodenum that the products, already partially digested in the cavity of the stomach, are split into the simplest components under the influence of hormones, bile acids and enzymatic substances entering the ducts from the gallbladder and pancreas.

    What is characteristic of the exacerbation of duodenitis

    During duodenal gastritis, inflammation develops in it, which causes stagnation of food masses that have passed here from the stomach, due to insufficient production of substances necessary for this.This, in turn, leads to inflammation in the surrounding organs: the small and large intestine, gall bladder, pancreas.

    Very often, duodenitis is diagnosed against the background of other diagnoses related to the gastrointestinal tract: pancreatitis, cholecystitis, gastritis of the stomach. The location of the duodenum makes it more vulnerable to infection. It can be carried out as an ascending path from the small or large intestine, or descending, when the disease provokes the gastric contents coming in here.

    Probable causes of the disease

    The cause of the primary duodenitis is predominantly improper diet and addiction to food that is harmful to the gastrointestinal tract: irregular meals, addiction to "hard" diets for weight loss, abuse of salty, fried, smoked dishes, meat with high fat content. Frequent smoking and drinking, as well as a love of coffee and constant stress, can also trigger the onset of the disease.

    Secondary duodenitis occurs as a concomitant disease in gastritis or gastric ulcer, enterocolitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, hepatitis (as a result of insufficient production of enzymes), Crohn’s disease, Wypl syndrome, pancreatic cancer, intestinal ischemia, abdominal injuries, frequent diarrhea, and dispersed organs and respiratory tract disorders, and distepsum disorders, and distepsum disorders, and distepsum disorders, and distepsum disorders, and distepsum disorders, as well as disorders and disorders of the stomach and outbreaks, and dispersed organs and respiratory tract and disperfunctures. postoperative period. Helminths, giardia, and the bacterium Helicobacter pylori are considered causative agents of the disease.

    Drug therapy for duodenitis

    In case of gastritis of the duodenum, complex therapy is prescribed, which consists of:

    • antispasmodics (papaverine, no-shpa, etc.),
    • drugs that improve the motility of the lower GI tract (Maalox, Domperidone),
    • antacids that reduce the acidity of gastric secretions (omeprazole, Almagel),
    • antihelminthic drugs (in the presence of parasites),
    • antibiotics (for detection of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori) - Flemoxin Soljutab and others,
    • enveloping drugs that protect the mucosa of the 12th intestine (De-Nol, Vis-Nol and others).

    With chronic type of disease requires long-term use of the following medicines:

    • anti-inflammatory drugs that promote the regeneration of mucous membranes (aloe extract, B vitamins, Methyluracil, Duogastron),
    • anticholinergic drugs such as Gastrocepin, Atropine, Peritola, eliminating pain,
    • dopamine blockers that are effective in disorders of the motility of the duodenum, which are accompanied by nausea and vomiting (the most popular are Reglan, Reglan)
    • sedatives, eliminating the symptoms of neurasthenia, which often accompanies duodenitis (motherwort, valerian),
    • enterosorbents, creating a protective cover on the mucous membranes (Smekta, Fosfalyugel, Enterosgel).

    Physiotherapy treatment

    All patients with chronic duodenal inflammation of the chronic type are advised to undergo a sanatorium treatment at least once a year, which reduces the incidence of relapses.

    Also, physiotherapeutic procedures have a good effect, which have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, stimulate blood circulation and improve the lymph flow in the abdominal organs, stimulate the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract. These include:

    • electrophoresis
    • ultrasound,
    • magnetic therapy
    • ozokeritotherapy,
    • paraffin compresses,
    • balneotherapy,
    • warming of the epigastric region,
    • diadynamic therapy,
    • electrosleep.

    Diet as a remedy for duodenitis therapy

    In acute inflammation, canned foods, bakery yeast products, smoked foods, pickles, sour, fried and over-spicy foods are completely excluded. It is also better to forget about alcohol and tobacco. Such a diet should be followed during the acute stage for at least 10–14 days. Meals are organized as follows:

    1. There are often (up to five - six times a day), but in small portions.
    2. Steam or boil,
    3. All dishes must have a pasty, liquid and semi-liquid consistency and be warm: hot and cold food with such a diagnosis is strictly prohibited.

    If duodenitis has become chronic, it is recommended to stick to a diet for life. Depending on the associated diseases choose the following diet:

    • No. 5 in diseases of the liver, gallbladder and biliary tract,
    • No. 5p in diagnosed pancreatitis,
    • No. 2 for gastritis with low acidity,
    • No. 1 or 16 for ulcerative complications.

    Traditionally they include the following dishes and foods:

    1. Meat and fish of low fat content in the form of steam cutlets, meatballs, chopped schnitzel,
    2. White crackers.
    3. Cream soup and creamy soups in vegetable and low-fat meat broth, as well as milk.
    4. Cottage cheese, sour cream, steam omelets, creamy and vegetable oils in not very large quantities.
    5. Vegetables (potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini, carrots, broccoli) and non-acidic fruits, preferably in boiled or baked form.
    6. Kissel, unsweetened tea, compote made from dried fruits and fruits with high sugar content.
    7. Porridges, puddings, savory desserts and casseroles of rice, buckwheat and semolina, oatmeal.

    In order to avoid relapses, it is desirable to abandon the use of sweets, soda, soft bread and pastries, spices, pancakes and fritters, cheese, milk, meat and fish with a high fat content, eggs in any form (except for an omelet), barley and wheat, plants of the legume family , tea and coffee increased strength.

    Important! To get rid of stomach pains you need to add a couple of drops to water forever ...

    Duodenal gastritis: symptoms and treatment, diagnosis, therapy, diet

    The term "gastritis" (from the Latin. Gastritis - the stomach) is usually denoted inflammatory and dystrophic processes occurring on the mucous membrane of the digestive tract. The cause of the disease is most often an infection caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria.

    But just the wrong way of life, prolonged stress, the effects of drugs, nicotine and alcohol contribute to the development of the disease. And the suppression of individual symptoms in the absence of correct treatment can lead to serious complications.

    Terminology and classification

    The inflammatory process can develop in any part of the digestive tract.

    If the disease affects the duodenum, the patient is diagnosed "duodenal gastritis". The name comes from the Latin duodénum. The duodenum (hereinafter referred to as duodenum) is the beginning of the small intestine adjacent to the stomach.

    Depending on the nature of the inflammatory process, It is customary to distinguish between acute and chronic (long) stages of the disease.

    The first, in turn, is divided into the catarrhal form, in which acute inflammation of the duodenum develops. Phlegm duodenitis is accompanied by suppuration. The erosive form of the disease is characterized by the destruction of mucosal tissue.

    Taking into account the depth of damage to the intestinal lining, duodenal gastritis is divided into superficial, interstitial, atrophic and erosive-ulcerative.

    By damage location duodenal gastritis can be:

    • bulbar - the area of ​​inflammation is located at the beginning of the duodenum,
    • distal (postbulbar) - affects the department at the exit of the duodenum into the small intestine,
    • diffuse - covers the entire surface of the mucous,
    • local - affects part of the intestine.

    Inflammation of the papilla, connecting the duodenum and the gallbladder, is called papillitis.

    Causes of duodenal gastritis

    Experts point out that gastritis of various etiologies occurs against the background of such negative factors as stress, violation of diet, abuse of nicotine or alcohol, unfavorable ecology, harmful working conditions.Doctors call the bacterial infection the most common cause of illness.

    Most often, gastritis of the duodenum develops against the background of such pathologies as:

    • chronic gastritis of the stomach,
    • pancreatitis,
    • cholecystitis,
    • weakening of the intestinal tonus,
    • tumor formation in the digestive tract.

    Inflammation may occur due to mechanical damage to the mucous membranes. in the presence of adhesions and scars that prevent the normal progress of the digested food. The reason may be the reception of certain groups of medicines, as well as chemical poisoning.

    Infection by bacteria occurs in two ways: descending or ascending. In the first case, Helicobacter penetrate from the stomach, in the second of the small intestine. In most cases, duodenal gastritis is secondary, that is, it is a consequence of other chronic ailments of the gastrointestinal tract.

    The initial stage of this disease is characterized by the same manifestations as in inflammation of the gastric mucosa.. Initially, the disease manifests itself with the following symptoms:

    • abdominal pain,
    • heartburn,
    • nausea and vomiting,
    • weight loss,
    • lethargy and fatigue
    • flatulence and bloating,
    • dyspepsia,
    • upset stool
    • temperature rise,
    • bitter belching.

    In elderly patients, the ailment proceeds in a latent form, without severe symptoms. Therefore, it is recommended to undergo regular examination by a specialist.

    Consequences of duodenal gastritis

    Duodenal gastritis in a neglected form leads to disruption of the digestive process. The production of gastric juice is reduced, or, conversely, is activated. In the latter case, the excessively acidic content of the stomach irritates its walls, penetrating into the intestine.

    Violation of the splitting and assimilation of nutrients leads to vitamin deficiency, deficiency of trace elements necessary for the normal functioning of the organs. Against this background also develop nervous and vegetative disorders.

    Particularly dangerous is chronic gt duodenum in erosive form.which is characterized by the appearance of shallow ulcers. It leads to perforation of the intestinal walls and internal bleeding. Launched ailment is fraught with dystrophic changes in the intestines.

    It is possible that the untreated duodenitis can flow into another form of the disease - bulbit.

    After clarifying the diagnosis and identifying the causes of the disease specialist develops a treatment regimen, including drugs, physiotherapy, as well as diet food.

    To stop painful attacks in case of acute gastritis, antacids are prescribed. They lower the level of acidity, reducing its irritant effect on the mucous.

    The most popular means of this group are:

    They help to reduce the level of acidity, along with antisecretory agents.

    To improve the activity of the intestines, to compensate for the lack of digestive enzymes and prevent the disease from flowing into the chronic phase, prokinetics and gastroprotectors are prescribed to the patient:

    These drugs stabilize the motility of the stomach, prevent nausea after eating.

    If the inflammation is caused by the harmful bacteria Helicobacter pylori, the patient is treated with antibiotics. Apply such means as:

    Duration of the course is from 3 to 10 days. Proton pump inhibitors (“omeprazole”) and bismuth preparations are also included in the therapeutic regimen. For resistant strains are used drugs - nitrofuran derivatives.

    Physiotherapy procedures include:

    • magnetic resonance effect,
    • ultrasound,
    • warming up
    • intake of therapeutic baths and mud.

    They contribute to the normalization of intestinal functions, the removal of puffiness, activation of blood flow. On the background of duodenitis can develop neurasthenia. To suppress its manifestations, herbal preparations are used: Novopassit, tinctures of valerian root or motherwort.

    To clarify the nature and prescribe the treatment of duodenal disease, the doctor can, on the basis of examination, analysis, complaints of the patient and objective research.

    In cases where inflammation of the intestinal mucosa has arisen as a consequence of another disease is initially treated with the main disease. Phlegm form of duodenal gastritis requires surgery, after which the patient is treated with antibiotics.

    General recommendations

    In such diseases as gastritis and duodenitis, dieting is the basis of therapy. Patients are advised to split meals, with a meal at least 4-5 times a day. Portion sizes should be small. Each piece is slowly chewed.

    Meals are served warm to the table so that hot or cold food does not irritate the inflamed mucosa.

    Taking medication requires special care. because some drugs make it difficult to cure the disease and even lead to the formation of erosions or ulcers. Any medications are first discussed with the attending gastroenterologist.

    Nicotine is contraindicated in patients with a diagnosis of gastritis, therefore it is better to refuse cigarettes. Alcoholic drinks are not strictly prohibited, but they should be consumed in strict dosage and only during remission.

    How is the treatment?

    With a long course of the disease, the secretion of digestive enzymes is disturbed, the processes of splitting food and the absorption of nutrients worsen.

    The treatment of gastritis of the stomach and duodenal ulcer, doctors begin with a thorough examination of the patient and the analysis of his complaints, and then proceed to research:

    • endoscopy
    • x-ray
    • Ultrasound,
    • analysis of feces and juice from the stomach,
    • tests for Helicobacter pylori.

    When a doctor suspects an autoimmune etiology of the disease, he prescribes an antibody test. Competent therapy encompasses physiotherapy, medication and diets. In acute inflammations and exacerbations of the disease, doctors prescribe antacids that relieve pain and reduce the acidity of gastric juice.

    To suppress the secretion of juice, antisecretory drugs are given to the patient, and gastroprotectors and prokinetics are needed to optimize motility and prevent the destructive effects of gastritis and duodenal ulcer. The presence of Helicobacter requires the use of antibiotic drugs.

    Physical procedures are added to excipients:

    • applications of ozokerite,
    • warming up
    • magnetic therapy
    • balneotherapy,
    • ultrasound treatment
    • electrosleep.

    Such methods activate blood circulation and lymph flow, create an anti-inflammatory effect and normalize the secretion of gastric juice.

    There is a rare form of gastritis of the stomach and duodenum 12 - phlegm. It requires surgery and antibiotic treatment. An important role is played by a competent diet.

    Power Rules

    Diet for gastritis of the duodenum should be balanced and exclude all spicy, fatty and spicy. The conditions of the disease affect the preparation of the diet:

    1. For acute forms, a diet that excludes alcohol, smoking, canned food, sour juices, flour products with yeast, etc. is necessary.
    2. When erosive form in the menu it is necessary to include mucous porridge and soups, prepared in low-fat milk. You can eat boiled skim meat and fish. Useful sweet pears, peaches, apples and bananas. From them stewed fruit, jelly and cooked jelly. Read the detailed information about alcohol during gastritis.

    The main thing is not to start the treatment in order not to bring it to the duodenal ulcer. Otherwise, the healing process will take a long time and become more complicated.The treatment must take into account the root cause of the disease, and not remove the clearly visible signs, otherwise the gastritis will not be cured.

    Watch the video: GASTRITIS- Are You A VICTIM OF STOMACH INFLAMMATION?!? (November 2019).